It all started with a series of TV images of desperate refugees in terrible situations - victims of famine, tsunami, earthquake and war - absolute destruction and absolute helplessness.

In all of these scenarios clean drinking water is a lifeline and, second to actually drinking it, washing is the next most important factor in aiding recovery - reducing the spread of disease, infection and contributing to reinstating some quality of life and self-esteem.

With the collapse of utilities, distributing water is a costly and difficult affair therefore using water wisely and to best effect is imperative, especially in the early post-disaster period. Washing straight from the bottle produces a very high level of waste, which is gone in seconds, washing wounds using poured water can be painful for the patient because of impact pressure and difficulty controlling flow. According to The Johns Hopkins and The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the average water use for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene by a single individual is at least 15 litres a day and half that to survive if rationed.

Helping to increase the usable volume of a bottle of water when used for  camping showers or washing is a major benefit. A bottle shower provides a solution to all of these problems. By using Bottleshower™ with just one of those bottles of water an additional 6 to 10 litres of flow time is gained for emergency showering or washing.

For day to day survival the benefits of using  bottle showers are huge both in terms of transport costs and saved water resources.